Ri History Rhode Island History The first mention of the name Rhode Island or any of its variations in connection with Narragansett Bay is in the letter of Giovanni da Verrazzano, the explorer, dated July 8,in which he refers to an island near the mouth of Narragansett Bay, and likens the island to the Island of Rhodes in the Aegean Sea. The name was first officially applied to the island on March 13, in these words:
Pilgrim Fathers The village of ScroobyEngland circahome to the "Saints" until Plymouth Colony was founded by a group of English Puritans who later came to be known as the Pilgrims.
They began to feel the pressures of religious persecution while still in the English village of Scroobynear East RetfordNottinghamshire. InArchbishop Tobias Matthew raided homes and imprisoned several members of the congregation. Scrooby had been an agricultural community, whereas Leiden was a thriving industrial center, and the Separatists found the pace of life difficult.
The community remained close-knit, but their children began adopting the Dutch language and customs, and some also entered the Dutch Army. The Puritans also were still not free from the persecutions of the English Crown. English authorities came to Leiden to arrest William Brewster inafter he published comments highly critical of the King of England and the Anglican Church.
Brewster escaped arrest, but the events spurred the congregation to move farther from England. They had declined the opportunity to settle south of Cape Cod in New Netherland because of their desire to avoid the Dutch influence.
They sought to finance their venture through the Merchant Adventurersa group of businessmen who principally viewed the colony as a means of making a profit. Upon arriving in America, the Pilgrims began working to repay their debts. They had intended to leave early inbut they were delayed several months due to difficulties in dealing with the Merchant Adventurers, including several changes in plans for the voyage and in financing.
The congregation and the other colonists finally boarded the Speedwell in July in the Dutch port of Delfshaven. List of Mayflower passengers Speedwell was re-rigged with larger masts before leaving Holland and setting out to meet Mayflower in Southampton, Englandaround the end of July The term was also used for many of the indentured servants.
Further disagreements with the Merchant Adventurers held up the departure in Southampton. A total of passengers finally departed on August 5—90 on the Mayflower and 30 on the Speedwell.
The leakage was partly caused by being overmasted and being pressed too much with sail.
The Speedwell was found to be unseaworthy; some passengers abandoned their attempt to emigrate, while others joined the Mayflower, crowding the already heavily burdened ship.
Later, it was speculated that the crew of the Speedwell had intentionally sabotaged the ship to avoid having to make the treacherous trans-Atlantic voyage.
More importantly, the delays meant that everyone had to spend the entire winter on board the Mayflower off Cape Cod in what could only be described as squalid conditions. The Mayflower departed PlymouthEngland on September 6, with passengers and about 30 crew members in the small, foot-long ship.
There were many obstacles throughout the trip, including multiple cases of seasickness and the bending and cracking of a main beam of the ship. One death occurred, that of William Button. They attempted to sail south to the designated landing site at the mouth of the Hudson but ran into trouble in the region of Pollack Rip, a shallow area of shoals between Cape Cod and Nantucket Island.
With winter approaching and provisions running dangerously low, the passengers decided to return north to Cape Cod Bay and abandon their original landing plans.
Besides the indigenous tribes, there had been nearly a century of exploration, fishing, and settlement by Europeans. The resulting map completely omits most of the New England coast.
Frenchman Samuel de Champlain had explored the area extensively in The region of Rhode Island was probably visited () by Verrazano, and in the area was explored by the Dutchman Adriaen Block.
Roger Williams, banished () from the Massachusetts Bay colony, established in the first settlement in the area at Providence on land purchased from Native. Rhode Island’s first permanent settlement (Providence Plantations) was established at Providence in by English clergyman Roger Williams and a small band of followers who had left the repressive atmosphere of the Massachusetts Bay Colony to seek freedom of worship.
When the revolution began in Massachusetts in April , Rhode Island immediately dispatched its militia in support, and it was the first colony to declare its independence from Great Britain in Rhode The Case for Colonizing Mars the first exploration and settlement on rhode island by Robert Zubrin From Ad Astra July/August Mars Is The New World Among extraterrestrial bodies in .
The first European known to have explored the Rhode Island area was the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazzano.
He sailed into Narragansett Bay in , exploring its coasts and islands and finding large Narragansett and Wampanoag settlements. Rhode Island became a united colony in It declared independence from Britain on May 4, , the first colony to do so.
RI was the last of the original 13 colonies to be admitted to the.