Definition, Examples of Literary Satire Satire definition: Satire is a literary term and form of rhetoric that uses various devices to expose flaws, critique society, and ridicule politics. Such devices include humor, irony, and exaggeration. What does satire mean?
They have different origins. They are used in different ways with different purposes. The literary works have different modes. Each of them evokes different kind of fun and sense of pleasure.
Each of them has generated new kinds of genres. However, they have some interrelations and people often mention them as synonyms. The present article researches these differences and similarities and make inferences to bring up some conclusions.
Humour consists principally in the recognition and expression of incongruities or peculiarities present in a situation or character. It is frequently used to illustrate some fundamental absurdity in human nature or conduct, and is generally thought of as a kindly trait: It is a technique of indicating, as through character or plot development, an intention or attitude opposite to that which is actually or ostensibly stated.
Irony is a manner of organizing a work so as to give full expression to contradictory or complementary impulses, attitudes, etc. It is a literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule.
Synonyms of satire are usually irony, burlesque, caricature, parody, etc. Satire refers to literary forms in which vices or follies are ridiculed. Satire is the general term, which often emphasizes the weakness more than the weak person, and usually implies moral judgment and corrective purpose: The essential feature of irony is the indirect presentation of a contradiction between an action or expression and the context in which it occurs.
In the figure of speech, emphasis is placed on the pposition between the literal and intended meaning of a statement.
Ironic literature exploits, in addition to the rhetorical figure, such devices as character development, situation, and plot to stress the paradoxical nature of reality or the contrast between an ideal and actual condition, set of circumstances, etc. In sarcasm, ridicule or mockery is used harshly, often crudely and contemptuously, for destructive purposes.
Satire usually implies the use of irony or sarcasm for censorious or critical purposes and is often directed at public figures or institutions, conventional behavior, political situations, etc.
Even the relationship is very confusing. Comparison and contrast are not given. Are they really completely synonymous, partially synonymous or not synonymous at all?
If they are synonymous, can we use them in substitution? Are humours produced from irony and satire same? Are the senses of humours same? These and many other questions are in mind and this mind makes efforts to search the answers. It is a substance. Humor is often used in literature. Sometimes it is the witty banter of the characters, other times it is characterization itself or events that are ironic or absurd that lend humor to a book, poem, story, play, or other literary piece.
Humour concerns with emotional aspect. It is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. The term derives from the humoural medicine of the ancient Greeks, which taught that the balance of fluids in the human body, known as humours, control human health and emotion.
People of all ages and cultures respond to humour. The majority of people are able to experience humour, i. Satire may rely more on understanding the target of the humour and thus tends to appeal to more mature audiences.Satire is commonly found in literary works, movies, cartoons, and even some news casts.
The formal definition of satire is the use of humor to . Satire is the use of humor, irony, sarcasm, or ridicule to criticize something or someone. Public figures, such as politicians, are often the subject of satire, Additional Works of Satire in Literature.
Some additional famous satirical works . Satire relies on humor to criticize political, religious or moral beliefs and social mores. The mock news program The Daily Show uses tools like irony and ridicule to make fun of (and even shame.
herbert rowland represented by the texts scrutinized in this study, and certain works manifest more than one kind. As we shall see, Claudius’s satire also employs the epigram. Humour, Irony and Satire in Literature 69 A writer may point a satire toward a person, a country or even the entire world.
Usually, a satire is a comical piece of writing which makes fun of an individual or a society to expose its stupidity and shortcomings. Aug 24, · Satire pokes fun in such a way as no one or group feels offended and can smile at the humor as in this example.
Sarcasm on the other hand would pick either government or the private sector as in "So you are going to work for the government".