The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to South America only. Contemporary use of the term to refer to the United States underlines that country's political and economic dominance in the western hemisphere. Such use of this designation is impolitic from the perspective of Canadians and Latin Americans. The United States has an Anglo majority that is politically and economically dominant.
United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. As the nation developed, it expanded westward from small settlements along the Atlantic Coast, eventually including all the territory between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans across the middle of the North American continent, as well as two noncontiguous states and a number of territories.
At the same time, the population and the economy of the United States grew and changed dramatically. The population diversified as immigrants arrived from all countries of the world. From its beginnings as a remote English colony, the United States has developed the largest economy in the world.
The efforts to deal with and resolve these struggles have shaped the United States of America into the 21st century. Native America in The lands and human societies that European explorers called a New World were in fact very old.
Sea level dropped by hundreds of feet, creating a land bridge between Alaska and Siberia. Asians walked across to become the first human inhabitants of the Americas.
Precisely when this happened remains unknown, but most scientists believe it occured before 15, years ago. When the last glaciers receded about 10, years ago thus ending this first great migration to Americaancestors of the Native Americans filled nearly all of the habitable parts of North and South America.
See also First Americans. The Native Americans who greeted the first Europeans had become diverse peoples. They spoke between and distinct languages, and their societies and ways of living varied tremendously.
Louis, Missouri, where their city of Cahokia was larger than medieval London and Natchez, Mississippi. The Pueblo peoples of the Southwest lived in large towns, irrigated their dry land with river water, and traded with peoples as far away as Mexico and California.
In the East, the peoples who eventually encountered English settlers were varied, but they lived in similar ways. All of them grew much of their food. Women farmed and gathered food in the woods. Men hunted, fished, and made war. None of these peoples kept herds of domestic animals; they relied on abundant wild game for protein.
All lived in family groups, but owed their principal loyalties to a wider network of kin and to their clans. West Africa in In Central and West Africa, the great inland kingdoms of Mali and Ghana were influenced and largely converted by Islam, and these kingdoms had traded with the Muslim world for hundreds of years.
From the beginning, slaves were among the articles of trade. These earliest enslaved Africans were criminals, war captives, and people sold by their relatives to settle debts. New World demand increased the slave trade and changed it. They conducted raids into the interior and sold their captives to European slavers.
Nearly all of the Africans enslaved and brought to America by this trade were natives of the western coastal rain forests and the inland forests of the Congo and Central Africa. Others were from smaller ethnic and language groups. Most had been farmers in their homeland.
The men hunted, fished, and tended animals, while women and men worked the fields cooperatively and in large groups. They practiced polygyny men often had several wives, each of whom maintained a separate householdand their societies tended to give very specific spiritual duties to women and men.
Adolescent girls and boys were inducted into secret societies in which they learned the sacred and separate duties of women and men.
These secret societies provided supernatural help from the spirits that governed tasks such as hunting, farming, fertility, and childbirth. Although formal political leaders were all men, older, privileged women exercised great power over other women.
Thus enslaved African peoples in the New World came from societies in which women raised children and governed one another, and where men and women were more nearly equal than in America or Europe. European Exploration In the century before Columbus sailed to America, Western Europeans were unlikely candidates for worldwide exploration.
The Chinese possessed the wealth and the seafaring skills that would have enabled them to explore, but they had little interest in the world outside of China.f i sca l y e a r efficient, effective, accountable an american budget major savings and reforms.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. History: Kilgore College is a publicly supported, two-year, comprehensive community college offering postsecondary educational opportunities.
In Kilgore College was the idea of Mr. W. L. Dodson and the community of Kilgore, Texas. The history of diversity in the workplace is by definition the story of how the concept of inclusion finally worked its way into our national narrative.
When you have equality in the workforce, it creates a domino effect of change across the socioeconomic system. Learn how fiction is organized by length into three categories: novels, novellas and short stories. Explore the general characteristics of each type, and learn about some famous examples.