An introduction and an analysis of the tragedy of richard iii

It was still customary in late fifteenth-century England that questions of bastardy be tried in an ecclesiastical court, but the matter of inheritance was an entirely secular matter and canon lawyers of the day would have conceded this.

An introduction and an analysis of the tragedy of richard iii

Neoconservatism as a Jewish Movement Kevin MacDonald Over the last year, there has been a torrent of articles on neoconservatism raising usually implicitly some difficult issues: Are neoconservatives different from other conservatives? Is neoconservatism a Jewish movement?

The thesis presented here is that neoconservatism is indeed a Jewish intellectual and political movement.

Essay Questions

This paper is the final installment in a three-part series on Jewish activism and reflects many of the themes of the first two articles. The first paper in this series focused on the traits of ethnocentrism, intelligence, psychological intensity, and aggressiveness.

The ethnocentrism of the neocons has enabled them to create highly organized, cohesive, and effective ethnic networks. Neoconservatives have also exhibited the high intelligence necessary for attaining eminence in the academic world, in the elite media and think tanks, and at the highest levels of government.

They have aggressively pursued their goals, not only in purging more traditional conservatives from their positions of power and influence, but also in reorienting US foreign policy in the direction of hegemony and empire.

Neoconservatism also illustrates the central theme of the second article in this series: In alliance with virtually the entire organized American Jewish community, neoconservatism is a vanguard Jewish movement with close ties to the most extreme nationalistic, aggressive, racialist and religiously fanatic elements within Israel.

Characteristics of Jewish Intellectual Movements A deep concern with furthering specific Jewish interests, such as helping Israel or promoting immigration. Issues are framed in a rhetoric of universalism rather than Jewish particularism. Issues are framed in moral terms, and an attitude of moral superiority pervades the movement.

Centered around charismatic leaders Boas, Trotsky, Freud. Jews form a cohesive, mutually reinforcing core. Non-Jews appear in highly visible roles, often as spokespersons for the movement.

The movement is irrational in the sense that it is fundamentally concerned with using available intellectual resources to advance a political cause.

The movement is associated with the most prestigious academic institutions in the society. Access to prestigious and mainstream media sources, partly as a result of Jewish influence on the media.

Active involvement of the wider Jewish community in supporting the movement. However, neoconservatism also presents several problems to any analysis, the main one being that the history of neoconservatism is relatively convoluted and complex compared to other Jewish intellectual and political movements.

To an unusual extent, the history of neoconservatism presents a zigzag of positions and alliances, and a multiplicity of influences. This is perhaps inevitable in a fundamentally political movement needing to adjust to changing circumstances and attempting to influence the very large, complex political culture of the United States.

The main changes neoconservatives have been forced to confront have been their loss of influence in the Democratic Party and the fall of the Soviet Union.

Although there is a remarkable continuity in Jewish neoconservatives' interests as Jews—the prime one being the safety and prosperity of Israel—these upheavals required new political alliances and produced a need for new work designed to reinvent the intellectual foundation of American foreign policy.

Neoconservatism also raises difficult problems of labeling. As described in the following, neoconservatism as a movement derives from the long association of Jews with the left. But contemporary neoconservatism is not simply a term for ex-liberals or leftists.

An introduction and an analysis of the tragedy of richard iii

Indeed, in its present incarnation, many second-generation neoconservatives, such as David Frum, Jonah Goldberg, and Max Boot, have never had affiliations with the American left.

Rather, neoconservatism represents a fundamentally new version of American conservatism, if it can be properly termed conservative at all. By displacing traditional forms of conservatism, neoconservatism has actually solidified the hold of the left on political and cultural discourse in the United States.

The deep and continuing chasm between neocons and more traditional American conservatives—a topic of this paper—indicates that this problem is far from being resolved. The multiplicity of influences among neoconservatives requires some comment.

Richard III Society | RICHARD III | HIS LIFE

The current crop of neoconservatives has at times been described as Trotskyists. And although the political philosopher Leo Strauss is indeed a guru for some neoconservatives, his influence is by no means pervasive, and in any case provides only a very broad guide to what the neoconservatives advocate in the area of public policy.

Neoconservatism is better described in general as a complex interlocking professional and family network centered around Jewish publicists and organizers flexibly deployed to recruit the sympathies of both Jews and non-Jews in harnessing the wealth and power of the United States in the service of Israel.

Acronyms of the main neoconservative and pro-Israel activist organizations used in this paper are provided in Table 2. American Enterprise Institute—A neoconservative think tank; produces and disseminates books and articles on foreign and domestic policy; http: Washington Institute for Near East Policy—Pro-Israel think tank specializing in producing and disseminating pro-Israel media material; http: Zionist Organization of America—Pro-Israel lobbying organization associated with the more fanatical end of the pro-Israel spectrum in America; http: Compared with their deep and emotionally intense commitment to Israel, neoconservative attitudes on domestic policy seem more or less an afterthought, and they will not be the main focus here.

In general, neoconservatives advocate maintaining the social welfare, immigration, and civil rights policies typical of liberalism and the wider Jewish community up to about Some of these policies represent clear examples of Jewish ethnic strategizing—in particular, the role of the entire Jewish political spectrum and the entire organized Jewish community as the moving force behind the immigration law ofwhich opened the floodgates to nonwhite immigration.Richard III Introduction Read the full text of Richard III with a side-by-side translation HERE.

If you thought Hamlet 's King Claudius was the worst brother in literary history, or that Othello 's Iago was the most unapologetic villain onstage, or that Macbeth was Shakespeare's biggest tyrant of a king, then you haven't read Richard III.

Colley Cibber was a comic actor and playwright with pretensions to tragedy (Colley ). In , he wrote and performed in an altered and slightly abridged version of Shakespeare’s Richard III, which was initially unsuccessful (probably because of overzealous government censorship) (Ashley 52).

However, it soon became popular . The Thomas Gray Archive is a collaborative digital archive and research project devoted to the life and work of eighteenth-century poet, letter-writer, and scholar Thomas Gray (), author of the acclaimed 'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard' ().

The character of Richard III, in William Shakespeare's historical drama 'Richard III,' is one of Shakespeare's most important and original characters.

'Richard III' is considered by some critics to be a case study in how absolute power can corrupt absolutely, while other critics consider the play to be a portrait of absolute evil or psychopathy. Tragedy (from the Greek: τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.

While many cultures have developed forms that provoke this paradoxical response, the term tragedy often refers to a specific tradition of drama that has played a unique and important role historically in the self-definition of. Plot summaries for Shakespeare's plays, from your trusted Shakespeare source.

An introduction and an analysis of the tragedy of richard iii