An essay on defense mechanism and anna freuds theories

His father, Jakob Freud —a wool merchant, had two sons, Emanuel — and Philipp —by his first marriage. Jakob's family were Hasidic Jewsand although Jakob himself had moved away from the tradition, he came to be known for his Torah study. Freud's half brothers emigrated to ManchesterEngland, parting him from the "inseparable" playmate of his early childhood, Emanuel's son, John. He proved to be an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in with honors.

An essay on defense mechanism and anna freuds theories

The information on this page is now included in Journal Journey from Ego. Games Ego Plays diagrams and explains social interactions. Freud never directly applied his defense mechanisms to self-esteem or ego; therefore, what follows is not to be considered to be endorsed by psychodynamic theories.

That is, they will each be explained by how they serve to protect the ego from shame and ego pain. The 12 defense mechanisms are organized alphabetically.

For example, if you think you are an idiot, then you may work at becoming physically more fit than others to make up for this shortcoming by compensating for it in another area of human activity.

The reasoning is that by having a good self-concept about being physically fit, you can then ignore, cover, or even negate your negative self-concept about your reasoning capability.

DENIAL Denial is the subconscious or conscious process of blinding yourself to negative self-concepts that you believe exist in you, but that you do not want to deal with or face.

An essay on defense mechanism and anna freuds theories

For example, a family may pretend and act as if their father is only sick or having a hard time when it is obvious to everyone that he is an abusive alcoholic. The negative self-concept for each family member comes from identifying with the father, because he is a part of the family; the father cannot be viewed as a negative image, or everyone else in the family, too, will be viewed as a negative image.

The feelings expressed to the substitute target are based on your negative self-concepts about the real target and yourself in relation to the real target.

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That is, you think poorly of someone and of yourself in relation to them. In such examples, you let out your anger and frustration about the negative self-concepts you are feeling about someone else and yourself in relation to them onto a safer target. The safer target can be someone below you in rank or position, someone dependent upon you for financial support, or someone under your power and control.

Generally, alternate targets are targets that cannot object or fight back as opposed to actual targets that might object and fight back. For example, the father comes home from work angry at his boss, so he verbally abuses his wife and children.

This is a way to think of yourself as good self-concepts or images. For example, you may identify with a crusade to help starving children so that you can incorporate into your ego some of the good self-images associated with that crusade.

Worldwide sports prey upon this defense mechanism to make money. Countries also prey upon this defense mechanism to make war by using identification with the government to enlist cannon fodder, a.

For example, you may uncritically accept the standards of your government or religion in order to be accepted as good self-concepts by them. Introjection can be considered as the extreme case of conformity, because introjection involves conforming your beliefs as well as your behaviors.

Sigmund Freud ( to ) was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. Freud believed that events in our childhood have a great influence on our adult lives, shaping our personality. Essay on Anna Freud. ANNA FREUD Anna Freud Anna Freud Selecting a woman that made significant contributions to the field of psychology between the years and is not an easy task as there is more than one woman who made significant contributions to the field of Psychology. Essay about The Defense Mechanism - Defense mechanism, in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions. His daughter, Anna Freud, expanded on his theories in the s, distinguishing some of the major defense mechanisms.

So-called educational systems prey upon this defense mechanism to produce parrots to spread their dogmas as if they were factual and superior. This occurs when you want to avoid facing negative self-concepts about your behaviors or intentions, and you do so by seeing them, in other people, instead.

For example, you are mad at your spouse and subconsciously damning them, but, you instead think or claim that they are mad at you and damning you in their mind.

Or you may believe that you are inferior and therefore attack another race, ethnicity, or belief system, claiming it is inferior. That is, you justify and excuse your misdeeds or mistakes with reasons that are circumstantial at best and unfounded at worst.Anna Freud defined in detail the defense mechanisms sketched out by her father in her book, "The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense." (reading up on psychological theories and critically.

Defense mechanism, in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions. Sigmund Freud first used defense as a psychoanalytic term (), but he did not break the notion into cate.

Defense mechanisms are psychological strategies that are unconsciously used to protect a person from anxiety arising from unacceptable thoughts or feelings. This was the first defense mechanism that Freud discovered, and arguably the most important.

Anna Freud () proposed denial involves blocking external events from awareness. Essay about The Defense Mechanism - Defense mechanism, in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions.

Most of Anna Freud's work is contained within The Writings of Anna Freud, a seven-volume collection of her books and papers, including The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense and her work on the analysis of children and adolescents. She is a very good writer, doesn't get too technical in most of her works, and uses many interesting case studies.

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Sigmund Freud - Wikipedia