Norman Borlaug, the man who saved a billion lives. Yes, I'm serious, look him up.
The mujahideen found other support from a variety of sources including the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States see Operation Cycloneas well as Saudi ArabiaPakistan and other Muslim nations through the context of the Cold War and the regional India—Pakistan conflict. Invasion of Grenada — a U.
The successful invasion led to a change of government but was controversial due to charges of American imperialismCold War politics, the involvement of Cubathe unstable state of the Grenadian government, and Grenada's status as a Commonwealth realm.
Salvadoran Civil War — — part of the cold war conflicts, reached its peak in the s, 70, Salvadorans died. Argentina invaded the Falkland Islandssparking the Falklands War.
It occurred from 2 April to 14 July between the United Kingdom and Argentina as British forces fought to recover the islands.
Britain emerged victorious and its stance in international affairs and its long decaying reputation as a colonial power received an unexpected boost. The military junta of Argentina, on the other hand, was left humiliated by the defeat; and its leader Leopoldo Galtieri was deposed three days after the end of the war.
A military investigation known as the Rattenbach report even recommended his execution. Arab—Israeli conflict early 20th century — present Lebanon War — the Government of Israel ordered the invasion as a response to the assassination attempt against Israel's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argovby the Abu Nidal Organization and due to the constant terror attacks on northern Israel made by the terrorist organizations which resided in Lebanon.
After attacking the PLOas well as Syrianleftist and Muslim Lebanese forces, Israel occupied southern Lebanon and eventually surrounded the PLO in west Beirut and subjected to heavy bombardment, they negotiated passage from Lebanon.
The attack cost lives, most of them Tunisian civilians.
The attack was later condemned by the United Nations Security Council. The United States is thought to have assisted or known of the attack. The Iran—Iraq War took place from to Iraq was accused of using illegal chemical weapons to kill Iranian forces and against its own dissident Kurdish populations.
Both sides suffered enormous casualties, but the poorly equipped Iranian armies suffered worse for it, being forced to use soldiers as young as 15 in human-wave attacks. Iran finally agreed to an armistice in The United States launched an aerial bombardment of Libya in in retaliation for Libyan support of terrorism and attacks on US personnel in Germany and Turkey.
The United States engaged in significant direct and indirect conflict in the decade via alliances with various groups in a number of Central and South American countries claiming that the U.
The Iran—Contra affair erupted which involved U.
Civil wars and guerrilla wars[ edit ] The most notable internal conflicts of the decade include: The Tiananmen Square protests of occurred in the People's Republic of China inin which pro-democracy protesters demanded political reform.
The protests were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Lebanese Civil War — — Throughout the decade, Lebanon was engulfed in civil war between Islamic and Christian factions. Greenpeace 's attempts to monitor French nuclear testing on Mururoa were halted by the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.
The conflict continues through the present day Darfur genocide. Internal conflict in Peru: Haitian dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier was overthrown by a popular uprising on February 6, A military coup is launched in Suriname on February 25, ; the country's politics are dominated by the military until Sitiveni Rabuka staged two military coups in Fiji inand declared the country a republic the same year.
Israeli military intelligence assumed this was for the purpose of plutonium production to further an Iraqi nuclear weapons program. Israeli intelligence also believed that the summer of would be the last chance to destroy the reactor before it would be loaded with nuclear fuel. US President Reagan's decision to station intermediate-range nuclear missiles in Western Europe provoked mass protests involving more than one million people.
Decolonization and independence[ edit ] InCanada gained official independence from the United Kingdom with the Canada Actauthorized by the signature by Elizabeth II. This act severed all political dependencies of the United Kingdom in Canada although the Queen remained the head of state.
InAustralia gained full independence from the United Kingdom with the Australia Actwhich severed the last remaining powers of the British government and monarchy over Australia's government, almost all of which had long been considered spent and obsolete.
InNew Zealand and the United Kingdom fully separated New Zealand's governments from the influence of the British Parliament, resulting in New Zealand's full independence with the Constitution Act which also reorganised the government of New Zealand.
Zimbabwe becomes independent from official colonial rule of the United Kingdom in In international affairs, Reagan pursued a hardline policy towards preventing the spread of communism, initiating a considerable buildup of U. Drugs gained attention in the US as a serious problem in the '80s.
Cocaine was relatively popular among celebrities and affluent youth, while crack, a cheaper offshoot of the drug, was linked to high crime rates in inner cities during the American crack epidemic.
The strike caused considerable disruption of the U. Resolution came when Ronald Reagan fired over 11, striking air traffic controllers who had ignored the order, banning them from federal service for life.Blogging, Politics Cuban Missile Crisis, Donald Trump, duck and cover, Kim Jung Un, Nikita Khruschev, nuclear war, one-word prompt, Russia, shoe banging, Soviet Union, Vladimir Putin, WordPress Previous Article One-Liner Wednesday — Self Reflection.
It could be strongly argued that Thomas Jefferson was moresuccessful in foreign policy, if only for the Louisiana lausannecongress2018.comson was President from to For example, Thomas Jefferson emphasized that the Lewis and Clark expedition should look for plants and vegetables.
The Joint Chiefs and the Cuban Missile Crisis . The Cuban Missile Crisis took place in and threatened to begin a nuclear war. The crisis lasted thirteen days.
The crisis lasted thirteen days. Kennedy . • Vague response Examples: the ocean was 3, miles wide; the ocean moat was billowing; it was the 19th century; it was isolated • No response Geography contributed powerfully to a policy of noninvolvement.
A billowing ocean moat three thousand miles wide separated but did not completely isolate the American people from Europe. In times of crisis, citizens look to presidents for strength because they alone are in a position to provide it. For that reason more than any other, presidents only rarely have to demonstrate their continued relevance in the modern political system.