Unlike many other African American leaders of this time, who supported nonviolent methods, Malcolm X believed in using more aggressive measures in the fight for civil rights. His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey —the black nationalist leader.
Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages.
Inthey were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years. Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education.
Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem.
His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from in to 30, in The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet.
After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad.
He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of these relationships had resulted in children.
Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore.
Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of President John F. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him.
For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races.
After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. Luckily, the family escaped physical injury.
They shot him 15 times at close range. After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam.
A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X.Oct 29, · Watch video · In New York City, Malcolm X, an African American nationalist and religious leader, is assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon.
Malcolm X (), African American civil rights leader, was a major 20th-century spokesman for black nationalism. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, , in Omaha, Nebr.
His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist leader in the.
Watch video · Malcolm X (May 19, to February 21, ) was a minister, human rights activist and prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the s and s. Malcolm X (–) was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence.
Now a free man, Malcolm X traveled to Detroit, Michigan, where he worked with the leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad, to expand the movement's following among black Americans nationwide.
Malcolm X became the minister of Temple No. 7 in Harlem and Temple No.
11 in Boston, while also founding new temples in Hartford and Philadelphia. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, in Omaha, Nebraska.
His mother, Grenadian-born Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children. According to an abridged biography, Malcolm X’s father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid.